This common condition is characterized by persistent redness and dilated vessels, mainly affecting the face.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition affecting mainly the face, characterized by persistent redness and dilated vessels over the nose, cheeks and chin; sometimes the eyelids and the eyes themselves are also affected. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but we do know it is most common in those with fair skin and light eye colour, as well as those who have a family history of rosacea. Some common triggers include sun exposure, caffeine, alcohol, spicy food, and stress. Although very common, the uncomfortable symptoms that accompany rosacea can negatively impact self-esteem if left untreated.
Rosacea often begins in young adulthood as a flushing or redness of the cheeks, nose, and chin that comes and goes.
With time, this facial redness becomes permanent and fine blood vessels begin to appear. Without treatment, these blood vessels tend to become thicker and more noticeable, and in later stages can develop a purple colour. Other signs of rosacea include papules (bumps), pustules (small pimples similar to those seen in acne), and nodules (large deeper bumps) that tend to come and go periodically. In severe cases, rosacea can worsen and develop into a disfiguring condition known as rhinophyma (bulbous nose).
Topical treatments for rosacea can effectively manage the inflammatory symptoms associated with this condition on an ongoing basis. This may include a combination of medical-grade skincare and prescription topical agents.
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