Although very common, the uncomfortable symptoms that accompany psoriasis can negatively impact self-esteem if left untreated.

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that causes skin cells to multiply up to ten times faster than usual. Instead of sloughing off, these skin cells build up rapidly, leading to red, itchy, scaly patches, commonly found on the scalp, elbows, knees, and back. In severe cases, psoriasis can cover large parts of the body. Usually appearing in early adulthood, no one knows the exact cause of psoriasis, but we understand it to be an autoimmune condition with a number of risk factors and triggers. 


Symptoms of Psoriasis

Common symptoms of psoriasis include red patches of skin covered with thick silvery scales, dry cracked skin that may bleed or itch, itching, burning, soreness, discolouration and pitting of fingernails and toenails, and swollen and stiff joints (psoriatic arthritis). 

Psoriasis tends to go through cycles, flaring for weeks or months, followed by a period of remission. Things that can trigger outbreaks include infections (such as strep), weather (especially cold, dry conditions), injury to the skin (cuts, scrapes, or severe sunburns), stress, smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and some medications (including beta-blockers, hydroxychloroquine and anti-malarial medication). 

While there is no cure for psoriasis, treatments can greatly reduce symptoms. A thorough consultation with Dr. Geeta Yadav, Dermatologist, can help determine which of the treatment options offered at Skin Science Dermatology is right for you.

Psoriasis Treatment Options


Phototherapy involves the use of ultraviolet (UV) light to help treat a range of skin conditions, and can be helpful for reducing the inflammation caused by psoriasis.

Topical Treatment

Mild to moderate cases of psoriasis can be treated with topical agents, including topical corticosteroids, vitamin D derivatives, topical retinoids, anthralin, salicylic acid, moisturizers and coal tar. These agents stop skin cells from multiplying and ultimately address common symptoms of the skin disorder.

Systemic Treatment

Those with moderate to severe psoriasis that has not responded to topical treatment may be prescribed systemic treatments. Delivered orally (in tablet or liquid form) or through injection or intravenous infusion, systemic treatments include methotrexate, cyclosporine, and retinoids. Your exact treatment plan and possible side effects will be discussed with your physician.

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