Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes patches of skin to become dry, itchy, cracked, and rough.

What is Eczema?

While most common in children, eczema can occur at any age and may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. For some, eczema flares periodically and then clears up. The cause of eczema is still unclear, but we know that genetic and environmental factors likely play a role; a family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever or asthma is the primary risk factor.

Symptoms of Eczema

The symptoms of eczema may vary depending on the severity of the case, but commonly include itching, dry skin, redness, and a scaly rash, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, eyelids, and inside the bend of the elbows and knees. 

Severe itching can also lead to loss of sleep, discomfort, thickening of the skin, and in more serious cases, oozing, crusting, and scaling. While there is no cure for eczema, there are effective treatment options to relieve itching and prevent flare ups from occurring. A thorough consultation with Dr. Geeta Yadav, Dermatologist, will determine your best treatment options.

Eczema Treatment Options

Topical Treatment

Your treatment plan may include the prescription of topical Corticosteroids, Calcineurin Inhibitors (e.g. Elidel®, Protopic®), or PDE4 inhibitors (e.g. Eucrisa™️) to reduce inflammation and itching. Your treatment plan will vary depending on your specific condition.


Phototherapy involves the use of ultraviolet (UV) light to help treat a range of skin conditions, and can be helpful for reducing the inflammation caused by eczema.

Systemic or Biologic Treatment

Systemic therapies (e.g. cyclosporine, methotrexate, azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil) or biologic treatments (dupilumab/Dupixent™️) are sometimes prescribed for severe eczema that is not responding to topical treatment. These should be used with caution following a thorough discussion of risks and benefits.

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